Creating DIV Layers

Question: How do I create a new absolutely-positioned DIV layer from JavaScript?

Answer: Note that you can create layers without JavaScript, by using DIV HTML elements with absolute positioning. However, you can also create layers programmatically with JavaScript! Here's an example:

The above example has been created using this code:

<form>
<input type=button value="Create layer"
onclick="makeLayer('LYR1',400,250,100,100,'red',1,1)">
<input type=button value="Delete layer"
onclick="deleteLayer('LYR1')">
</form>
To create a new layer, this code calls the function
makeLayer
:
makeLayer(ID,left,top,width,height,color,visible,zIndex)
and here's the JavaScript source code of this function:
function makeLayer(id,L,T,W,H,bgColor,visible,zIndex) {
 if (document.getElementById) {
  if (document.getElementById(id)) {
   alert ('Layer with this ID already exists!');
   return;
  }
  var ST = 'position:absolute'
  +'; left:'+L
  +'; top:'+T
  +'; width:'+W
  +'; height:'+H
  +'; clip:rect(0,'+W+','+H+',0)'
  +'; visibility:'
  +(null==visible || 1==visible ? 'visible':'hidden')
  +(null==zIndex  ? '' : '; z-index:'+zIndex)
  +(null==bgColor ? '' : '; background-color:'+bgColor);

  var LR = '<DIV id='+id+' style="'+ST+'"></DIV>'

  if (document.body) {
   if (document.body.insertAdjacentHTML)
       document.body.insertAdjacentHTML("BeforeEnd",LR);
   else if (document.createElement
        &&  document.body.appendChild) {
    var newNode = document.createElement('div');
    newNode.setAttribute('id',id);
    newNode.setAttribute('style',ST);
    document.body.appendChild(newNode);
   }
  }
 }
}
See also:

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